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PROPAGATING STEM CUTTINGS IS SIMPLER THAN YOU MAY THINK

5 Easy Steps to Successful Growth

Propagating stem cuttings is simpler than you may think. Give our 5 simple steps a try and share with us your experience. We love to know what works for you.

1. Pick and Prepare your Pot

You can grow cuttings in a temporary pot while they establish roots or plant them directly in a permanent container. Either way, you’ll want a pot that has a drainage hole and is large enough to leave 2″-3″ of space around each cutting.

We prefer using terracotta or ceramic pots. These types of pot are made from breathable material that helps circulate air and allows proper drainage.

Fill the container with gritty, well-draining soil to protect your succulents from standing water and root rot. Most garden centers sell cactus/succulent potting soil. You can also make your own with 3 parts potting soil, and 1 part perlite or pumice.

2. Planting

Plant the cut end of a stem 1″-2″ into the soil. If the succulent has leaves, you may need to remove some to expose the bottom section of the stem. The lowest leaves should sit just above the soil without touching it. Compress the soil lightly to get the cutting to stand upright. 

3. Location is Key

Pick a location that gets bright, indirect light. Not full, outdoor sun. Cuttings need sunlight to grow new roots, but they can dry out quickly in direct sun.

4. Water

Unlike mature succulents, cuttings will need regular moisture until they can grow roots.

Water thoroughly and allow to dry completely before you water again. Our rule of thumb? Stick your finger into the soil to where your first bend line is on your finger or use a stick (we like chop sticks) and poke it into soil to make sure it is dry.

5. Once They Root

Within two to four weeks your cuttings should start rooting. Give a very gentle pull to check if a cutting has rooted. To care for rooted succulents, move to deeper, less frequent watering. Only water once the soil has fully dried. Re-pot, if desired, and gradually move the succulent to its preferred light conditions. Some [cuttings take longer to root. Try not to get discouraged, it will root… eventually. lol

What about propagating leaf cuttings?

Though usually more challenging, some soft succulents will re-root from leaves. Be sure to select thick, healthy leaves near the base. Remove the leaves and let them dry till crusted. Once the cut end is calloused, plant the leaves upright, cut side down in light, gritty soil. Our experience is leaving a leaf alone on top of the soil and not watering until leaves fall off is best. That little life-giving leaf has everything to make a little baby sprout!

Let us know what works for you. Everyone has their own methods and ideas. Let’s share them! and send us pics. We would love to see your beauties. Email us at: pandcnurserywebshop@gmail.com

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String of Pearls “Good to knows and How to”

The string of pearls are such a beautiful plants. Below are tips and tricks for these beauties.

How can I tell if my pearls are over watered?

The best way to tell is by the look. If they appear mushy, shriveled, or over plump, they are OVERWATERED. The stems on SoPs are very thin and do not hold much water. Their round leaves hold the majority. If they have too much water they can literally burst.

Can I save my over watered pearls?

Yes! Remove any mushy, shriveled leaves . Remove pearls strings from soil and re-pot in new dry soil. you can lay them directly on top of soil and they will begin to spring root and attach to soil or you can stick one end of the stem into dirt by poking small holes and placing stems in holes.

How can i tell if my pearls are under watered?

By appearance. The leaves will appear shriveled and dried up. Give the plant a good drink of water and it should perk up almost immediately and start looking better. You may need to increase watering if your String of Pearls continue to appear shriveled.

Should I separate strings from soil when re potting?

We do not recommend separating strings. Keep the string in as much of the original soil and plant that into the new soil. Pearl roots are very fragile and should be handled with care.

Check out these videos for videos on Re potting and Watering Pearls.

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What should you do once you receive your cuttings?

When you receive your cuttings, get them into indirect sunlight.  They need the sunlight to get their color and they like to be warm.  Depending on where you are at, we are pretty sure by the time they get to you they are dying for some sun and fresh air.

There is no need to wait for roots to appear before putting cuttings in the soil. By the time you receive them, they will have crusted on the bottom of the cutting. Crusting ensures that when planted in the soil they will not take in too much water (which can lead to root rot). They will grow healthy roots in no time. Plant your cutting in well-draining soil (like a cactus mix) or use potting soil and add perlite, and bark chips to ensure good drainage.  Once you find a pot you love add your soil. Poke some holes and plop those pretty succulents in. Succulents love to be close to one another. So do not be afraid to squeeze them into a pretty arrangement. You can also add pebbles to the bottom of the pot to help keep your cuttings from gathering too much water if your pot does not have drainage holes.  We love to use terracotta pots but you can pretty much plant these beauties in anything.  Get CREATIVE!     

    When first potting, make sure you water the dirt thoroughly.  Avoid watering the cuttings directly.  Now, let the soil dry out. To check,  just stick your finger in the pot about an inch and you will be able to tell if the soil is moist or dry.   Once dry repeat the watering method. Yup, it’s that simple.  Show us your creations on our Instagram or Facebook accounts.

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Here are some quick easy tips for growing happy, healthy succulents

1. Make Sure Your Succulents Get Enough Light

Succulents love light and need about six hours of sun per day, depending on the type of succulent. Newly planted succulents can scorch in direct sunlight, so you may need to gradually introduce them to full sun exposure or provide shade for them.

 

2. Rotate Potted Succulents

Succulents love the direct sun, but if yours is sitting in the same exact spot day after day, it’s likely that only one side is getting enough light. Succulents will lean towards the sun, so rotating them will help them stand up straight. (Leaning may also be a sign that they need to be in a sunnier spot.)

3. Water According to the Season

Succulents need more energy when they’re in a period of growth. During the spring and summer, the plants are thriving and drinking up much more water than when they’re resting in the fall and winter. Test your soil with your finger. If you feel it dry about an inch down grab your watering can. Overwatering can kill your succulent, so make sure you let the soil dry between waterings.

4. Water the Soil Directly

When you water your succulents, soak the soil until water runs out of the drainage holes. (If your container doesn’t have drainage holes, use less water.) Don’t use a spray bottle to water your succulents—misting can cause brittle roots and moldy leaves. You can also place pots in a pan of water and allow the water to absorb through the drainage hole. Once the top of the soil is moist, remove it from the pan.

5. Keep Succulents Clean

Wipe off the leaves and spines gently with a damp cloth (use a soft paintbrush to get at hard-to-reach spots).

6. Choose a Container with Drainage

Succulents don’t like to sit in waterlogged soil, so drainage is important to prevent rot. Your container should have a drainage hole to allow excess water to escape. Terra-cotta pots are ideal for beginners.

7. Plant Succulents in the Right Soil

Succulents need soil that drains, so regular potting soil—or dirt from your yard—won’t do. Choose cactus soil or mix potting soil with sand, pumice, or perlite. Succulent roots are very fragile so be gentle when repotting.

8. Get Rid of Bugs

Pests shouldn’t be a problem for indoor succulents, but occasionally you may have to deal with bugs. Gnats are attracted to succulents that are planted in soil that is too wet and doesn’t have proper drainage. To get rid of eggs and larvae, spray the soil with 70 percent isopropyl alcohol. Mealybugs are another pest succulent owners have to deal with. Overwatering and over-fertilizing are common causes of mealybugs. Move infected plants away from other succulents and spray with 70 percent isopropyl alcohol.

9. Fertilize Succulents in the Summer

Succulents don’t need much fertilizer, but you can give them light feedings during the spring and summer growing season. Be careful not to over-fertilize